深入浅出Mybatis系列(五)—TypeHandler简介及配置(mybatis源码篇)

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作者:南轲梦

出处:https://www.cnblogs.com/dongying/tag/Mybatis%E6%B7%B1%E5%85%A5%E6%B5%85%E5%87%BA%E7%B3%BB%E5%88%97/


上篇文章《深入浅出Mybatis系列(四)---配置详解之typeAliases别名(mybatis源码篇)》为大家介绍了mybatis中别名的使用,以及其源码。本篇将为大家介绍TypeHandler, 并简单分析其源码。

Mybatis中的TypeHandler是什么?

无论是 MyBatis 在预处理语句(PreparedStatement)中设置一个参数时,还是从结果集中取出一个值时,都会用类型处理器将获取的值以合适的方式转换成 Java 类型。Mybatis默认为我们实现了许多TypeHandler, 当我们没有配置指定TypeHandler时,Mybatis会根据参数或者返回结果的不同,默认为我们选择合适的TypeHandler处理。

那么,Mybatis为我们实现了哪些TypeHandler呢?  我们怎么自定义实现一个TypeHandler ?  这些都会在接下来的mybatis的源码中看到。

在看源码之前,还是像之前一样,先看看怎么配置吧?

配置TypeHandler:


<configuration> <typeHandlers> <!-- 当配置package的时候,mybatis会去配置的package扫描TypeHandler <package name="com.dy.demo"/> --> <!-- handler属性直接配置我们要指定的TypeHandler --> <typeHandler handler=""/> <!-- javaType 配置java类型,例如String, 如果配上javaType, 那么指定的typeHandler就只作用于指定的类型 --> <typeHandler javaType="" handler=""/> <!-- jdbcType 配置数据库基本数据类型,例如varchar, 如果配上jdbcType, 那么指定的typeHandler就只作用于指定的类型 --> <typeHandler jdbcType="" handler=""/> <!-- 也可两者都配置 --> <typeHandler javaType="" jdbcType="" handler=""/> </typeHandlers> ...... </configuration>

上面简单介绍了一下TypeHandler,  下面就看看mybatis中TypeHandler的源码了。

=========================================================我是源码分割线==========================================================

老规矩,先从对xml的解析讲起:


/** * 解析typeHandlers节点 */ private void typeHandlerElement(XNode parent) throws Exception { if (parent != null) { for (XNode child : parent.getChildren()) { //子节点为package时,获取其name属性的值,然后自动扫描package下的自定义typeHandler if ("package".equals(child.getName())) { String typeHandlerPackage = child.getStringAttribute("name"); typeHandlerRegistry.register(typeHandlerPackage); } else { //子节点为typeHandler时, 可以指定javaType属性, 也可以指定jdbcType, 也可两者都指定 //javaType 是指定java类型 //jdbcType 是指定jdbc类型(数据库类型: 如varchar) String javaTypeName = child.getStringAttribute("javaType"); String jdbcTypeName = child.getStringAttribute("jdbcType"); //handler就是我们配置的typeHandler String handlerTypeName = child.getStringAttribute("handler"); //resolveClass方法就是我们上篇文章所讲的TypeAliasRegistry里面处理别名的方法 Class<?> javaTypeClass = resolveClass(javaTypeName); //JdbcType是一个枚举类型,resolveJdbcType方法是在获取枚举类型的值 JdbcType jdbcType = resolveJdbcType(jdbcTypeName); Class<?> typeHandlerClass = resolveClass(handlerTypeName); //注册typeHandler, typeHandler通过TypeHandlerRegistry这个类管理 if (javaTypeClass != null) { if (jdbcType == null) { typeHandlerRegistry.register(javaTypeClass, typeHandlerClass); } else { typeHandlerRegistry.register(javaTypeClass, jdbcType, typeHandlerClass); } } else { typeHandlerRegistry.register(typeHandlerClass); } } } } }

接下来看看TypeHandler的管理注册类:

TypeHandlerRegistry:


/** * typeHandler注册管理类 */ public final class TypeHandlerRegistry { //源码一上来,二话不说,几个大大的HashMap就出现,这不又跟上次讲的typeAliases的注册类似么 //基本数据类型与其包装类 private static final Map<Class<?>, Class<?>> reversePrimitiveMap = new HashMap<Class<?>, Class<?>>() { private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; { put(Byte.class, byte.class); put(Short.class, short.class); put(Integer.class, int.class); put(Long.class, long.class); put(Float.class, float.class); put(Double.class, double.class); put(Boolean.class, boolean.class); put(Character.class, char.class); } }; //这几个MAP不用说就知道存的是什么东西吧,命名的好处 private final Map<JdbcType, TypeHandler<?>> JDBC_TYPE_HANDLER_MAP = new EnumMap<JdbcType, TypeHandler<?>>(JdbcType.class); private final Map<Type, Map<JdbcType, TypeHandler<?>>> TYPE_HANDLER_MAP = new HashMap<Type, Map<JdbcType, TypeHandler<?>>>(); private final TypeHandler<Object> UNKNOWN_TYPE_HANDLER = new UnknownTypeHandler(this); private final Map<Class<?>, TypeHandler<?>> ALL_TYPE_HANDLERS_MAP = new HashMap<Class<?>, TypeHandler<?>>(); //就像上篇文章讲的typeAliases一样,mybatis也默认给我们注册了不少的typeHandler //具体如下 public TypeHandlerRegistry() { register(Boolean.class, new BooleanTypeHandler()); register(boolean.class, new BooleanTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.BOOLEAN, new BooleanTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.BIT, new BooleanTypeHandler()); register(Byte.class, new ByteTypeHandler()); register(byte.class, new ByteTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.TINYINT, new ByteTypeHandler()); register(Short.class, new ShortTypeHandler()); register(short.class, new ShortTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.SMALLINT, new ShortTypeHandler()); register(Integer.class, new IntegerTypeHandler()); register(int.class, new IntegerTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.INTEGER, new IntegerTypeHandler()); register(Long.class, new LongTypeHandler()); register(long.class, new LongTypeHandler()); register(Float.class, new FloatTypeHandler()); register(float.class, new FloatTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.FLOAT, new FloatTypeHandler()); register(Double.class, new DoubleTypeHandler()); register(double.class, new DoubleTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.DOUBLE, new DoubleTypeHandler()); register(String.class, new StringTypeHandler()); register(String.class, JdbcType.CHAR, new StringTypeHandler()); register(String.class, JdbcType.CLOB, new ClobTypeHandler()); register(String.class, JdbcType.VARCHAR, new StringTypeHandler()); register(String.class, JdbcType.LONGVARCHAR, new ClobTypeHandler()); register(String.class, JdbcType.NVARCHAR, new NStringTypeHandler()); register(String.class, JdbcType.NCHAR, new NStringTypeHandler()); register(String.class, JdbcType.NCLOB, new NClobTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.CHAR, new StringTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.VARCHAR, new StringTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.CLOB, new ClobTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.LONGVARCHAR, new ClobTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.NVARCHAR, new NStringTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.NCHAR, new NStringTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.NCLOB, new NClobTypeHandler()); register(Object.class, JdbcType.ARRAY, new ArrayTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.ARRAY, new ArrayTypeHandler()); register(BigInteger.class, new BigIntegerTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.BIGINT, new LongTypeHandler()); register(BigDecimal.class, new BigDecimalTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.REAL, new BigDecimalTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.DECIMAL, new BigDecimalTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.NUMERIC, new BigDecimalTypeHandler()); register(Byte[].class, new ByteObjectArrayTypeHandler()); register(Byte[].class, JdbcType.BLOB, new BlobByteObjectArrayTypeHandler()); register(Byte[].class, JdbcType.LONGVARBINARY, new BlobByteObjectArrayTypeHandler()); register(byte[].class, new ByteArrayTypeHandler()); register(byte[].class, JdbcType.BLOB, new BlobTypeHandler()); register(byte[].class, JdbcType.LONGVARBINARY, new BlobTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.LONGVARBINARY, new BlobTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.BLOB, new BlobTypeHandler()); register(Object.class, UNKNOWN_TYPE_HANDLER); register(Object.class, JdbcType.OTHER, UNKNOWN_TYPE_HANDLER); register(JdbcType.OTHER, UNKNOWN_TYPE_HANDLER); register(Date.class, new DateTypeHandler()); register(Date.class, JdbcType.DATE, new DateOnlyTypeHandler()); register(Date.class, JdbcType.TIME, new TimeOnlyTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.TIMESTAMP, new DateTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.DATE, new DateOnlyTypeHandler()); register(JdbcType.TIME, new TimeOnlyTypeHandler()); register(java.sql.Date.class, new SqlDateTypeHandler()); register(java.sql.Time.class, new SqlTimeTypeHandler()); register(java.sql.Timestamp.class, new SqlTimestampTypeHandler()); // issue #273 register(Character.class, new CharacterTypeHandler()); register(char.class, new CharacterTypeHandler()); } public boolean hasTypeHandler(Class<?> javaType) { return hasTypeHandler(javaType, null); } public boolean hasTypeHandler(TypeReference<?> javaTypeReference) { return hasTypeHandler(javaTypeReference, null); } public boolean hasTypeHandler(Class<?> javaType, JdbcType jdbcType) { return javaType != null && getTypeHandler((Type) javaType, jdbcType) != null; } public boolean hasTypeHandler(TypeReference<?> javaTypeReference, JdbcType jdbcType) { return javaTypeReference != null && getTypeHandler(javaTypeReference, jdbcType) != null; } public TypeHandler<?> getMappingTypeHandler(Class<? extends TypeHandler<?>> handlerType) { return ALL_TYPE_HANDLERS_MAP.get(handlerType); } public <T> TypeHandler<T> getTypeHandler(Class<T> type) { return getTypeHandler((Type) type, null); } public <T> TypeHandler<T> getTypeHandler(TypeReference<T> javaTypeReference) { return getTypeHandler(javaTypeReference, null); } public TypeHandler<?> getTypeHandler(JdbcType jdbcType) { return JDBC_TYPE_HANDLER_MAP.get(jdbcType); } public <T> TypeHandler<T> getTypeHandler(Class<T> type, JdbcType jdbcType) { return getTypeHandler((Type) type, jdbcType); } public <T> TypeHandler<T> getTypeHandler(TypeReference<T> javaTypeReference, JdbcType jdbcType) { return getTypeHandler(javaTypeReference.getRawType(), jdbcType); } private <T> TypeHandler<T> getTypeHandler(Type type, JdbcType jdbcType) { Map<JdbcType, TypeHandler<?>> jdbcHandlerMap = TYPE_HANDLER_MAP.get(type); TypeHandler<?> handler = null; if (jdbcHandlerMap != null) { handler = jdbcHandlerMap.get(jdbcType); if (handler == null) { handler = jdbcHandlerMap.get(null); } } if (handler == null && type != null && type instanceof Class && Enum.class.isAssignableFrom((Class<?>) type)) { handler = new EnumTypeHandler((Class<?>) type); } @SuppressWarnings("unchecked") // type drives generics here TypeHandler<T> returned = (TypeHandler<T>) handler; return returned; } public TypeHandler<Object> getUnknownTypeHandler() { return UNKNOWN_TYPE_HANDLER; } public void register(JdbcType jdbcType, TypeHandler<?> handler) { JDBC_TYPE_HANDLER_MAP.put(jdbcType, handler); } // // REGISTER INSTANCE // /** * 只配置了typeHandler, 没有配置jdbcType 或者javaType */ @SuppressWarnings("unchecked") public <T> void register(TypeHandler<T> typeHandler) { boolean mappedTypeFound = false; //在自定义typeHandler的时候,可以加上注解MappedTypes 去指定关联的javaType //因此,此处需要扫描MappedTypes注解 MappedTypes mappedTypes = typeHandler.getClass().getAnnotation(MappedTypes.class); if (mappedTypes != null) { for (Class<?> handledType : mappedTypes.value()) { register(handledType, typeHandler); mappedTypeFound = true; } } // @since 3.1.0 - try to auto-discover the mapped type if (!mappedTypeFound && typeHandler instanceof TypeReference) { try { TypeReference<T> typeReference = (TypeReference<T>) typeHandler; register(typeReference.getRawType(), typeHandler); mappedTypeFound = true; } catch (Throwable t) { // maybe users define the TypeReference with a different type and are not assignable, so just ignore it } } if (!mappedTypeFound) { register((Class<T>) null, typeHandler); } } /** * 配置了typeHandlerhe和javaType */ public <T> void register(Class<T> javaType, TypeHandler<? extends T> typeHandler) { register((Type) javaType, typeHandler); } private <T> void register(Type javaType, TypeHandler<? extends T> typeHandler) { //扫描注解MappedJdbcTypes MappedJdbcTypes mappedJdbcTypes = typeHandler.getClass().getAnnotation(MappedJdbcTypes.class); if (mappedJdbcTypes != null) { for (JdbcType handledJdbcType : mappedJdbcTypes.value()) { register(javaType, handledJdbcType, typeHandler); } if (mappedJdbcTypes.includeNullJdbcType()) { register(javaType, null, typeHandler); } } else { register(javaType, null, typeHandler); } } public <T> void register(TypeReference<T> javaTypeReference, TypeHandler<? extends T> handler) { register(javaTypeReference.getRawType(), handler); } /** * typeHandlerhe、javaType、jdbcType都配置了 */ public <T> void register(Class<T> type, JdbcType jdbcType, TypeHandler<? extends T> handler) { register((Type) type, jdbcType, handler); } /** * 注册typeHandler的核心方法 * 就是向Map新增数据而已 */ private void register(Type javaType, JdbcType jdbcType, TypeHandler<?> handler) { if (javaType != null) { Map<JdbcType, TypeHandler<?>> map = TYPE_HANDLER_MAP.get(javaType); if (map == null) { map = new HashMap<JdbcType, TypeHandler<?>>(); TYPE_HANDLER_MAP.put(javaType, map); } map.put(jdbcType, handler); if (reversePrimitiveMap.containsKey(javaType)) { register(reversePrimitiveMap.get(javaType), jdbcType, handler); } } ALL_TYPE_HANDLERS_MAP.put(handler.getClass(), handler); } // // REGISTER CLASS // // Only handler type public void register(Class<?> typeHandlerClass) { boolean mappedTypeFound = false; MappedTypes mappedTypes = typeHandlerClass.getAnnotation(MappedTypes.class); if (mappedTypes != null) { for (Class<?> javaTypeClass : mappedTypes.value()) { register(javaTypeClass, typeHandlerClass); mappedTypeFound = true; } } if (!mappedTypeFound) { register(getInstance(null, typeHandlerClass)); } } // java type + handler type public void register(Class<?> javaTypeClass, Class<?> typeHandlerClass) { register(javaTypeClass, getInstance(javaTypeClass, typeHandlerClass)); } // java type + jdbc type + handler type public void register(Class<?> javaTypeClass, JdbcType jdbcType, Class<?> typeHandlerClass) { register(javaTypeClass, jdbcType, getInstance(javaTypeClass, typeHandlerClass)); } // Construct a handler (used also from Builders) @SuppressWarnings("unchecked") public <T> TypeHandler<T> getInstance(Class<?> javaTypeClass, Class<?> typeHandlerClass) { if (javaTypeClass != null) { try { Constructor<?> c = typeHandlerClass.getConstructor(Class.class); return (TypeHandler<T>) c.newInstance(javaTypeClass); } catch (NoSuchMethodException ignored) { // ignored } catch (Exception e) { throw new TypeException("Failed invoking constructor for handler " + typeHandlerClass, e); } } try { Constructor<?> c = typeHandlerClass.getConstructor(); return (TypeHandler<T>) c.newInstance(); } catch (Exception e) { throw new TypeException("Unable to find a usable constructor for " + typeHandlerClass, e); } } /** * 根据指定的pacakge去扫描自定义的typeHander,然后注册 */ public void register(String packageName) { ResolverUtil<Class<?>> resolverUtil = new ResolverUtil<Class<?>>(); resolverUtil.find(new ResolverUtil.IsA(TypeHandler.class), packageName); Set<Class<? extends Class<?>>> handlerSet = resolverUtil.getClasses(); for (Class<?> type : handlerSet) { //Ignore inner classes and interfaces (including package-info.java) and abstract classes if (!type.isAnonymousClass() && !type.isInterface() && !Modifier.isAbstract(type.getModifiers())) { register(type); } } } // get information /** * 通过configuration对象可以获取已注册的所有typeHandler */ public Collection<TypeHandler<?>> getTypeHandlers() { return Collections.unmodifiableCollection(ALL_TYPE_HANDLERS_MAP.values()); } }

由源码可以看到, mybatis为我们实现了那么多TypeHandler,  随便打开一个TypeHandler,看其源码,都可以看到,它继承自一个抽象类:BaseTypeHandler, 那么我们是不是也能通过继承BaseTypeHandler,从而实现自定义的TypeHandler ? 答案是肯定的, 那么现在下面就为大家演示一下自定义TypeHandler:

=====================================================自定义TypeHandler分割线============================================================

ExampleTypeHandler:


@MappedJdbcTypes(JdbcType.VARCHAR) //此处如果不用注解指定jdbcType, 那么,就可以在配置文件中通过"jdbcType"属性指定, 同理, javaType 也可通过 @MappedTypes指定 public class ExampleTypeHandler extends BaseTypeHandler<String> { @Override public void setNonNullParameter(PreparedStatement ps, int i, String parameter, JdbcType jdbcType) throws SQLException { ps.setString(i, parameter); } @Override public String getNullableResult(ResultSet rs, String columnName) throws SQLException { return rs.getString(columnName); } @Override public String getNullableResult(ResultSet rs, int columnIndex) throws SQLException { return rs.getString(columnIndex); } @Override public String getNullableResult(CallableStatement cs, int columnIndex) throws SQLException { return cs.getString(columnIndex); } }

然后,就该配置我们的自定义TypeHandler了:

<configuration>
  <typeHandlers>
      <!-- 由于自定义的TypeHandler在定义时已经通过注解指定了jdbcType, 所以此处不用再配置jdbcType -->
      <typeHandler handler="ExampleTypeHandler"/>
  </typeHandlers>

  ......

</configuration>

也就是说,我们在自定义TypeHandler的时候,可以在TypeHandler通过@MappedJdbcTypes指定jdbcType, 通过 @MappedTypes 指定javaType, 如果没有使用注解指定,那么我们就需要在配置文件中配置。

好啦,本篇文章到此结束。

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