spring boot实战(第一篇)第一个案例

扫码关注公众号:Java 技术驿站

发送:vip
将链接复制到本浏览器,永久解锁本站全部文章

【公众号:Java 技术驿站】 【加作者微信交流技术,拉技术群】

spring boot实战(第一篇)第一个案例

前言

写在前面的话

    一直想将spring boot相关内容写成一个系列的博客,今天终于有时间开始了第一篇文章
    以后有时间就会继续写下去。

spring boot 博客内容规划

  • spring boot 基本用法
  • 自动配置
  • 技术集成
  • 性能监控
  • 源码解析

spring boot 功能强大,后面会细细道来。

第一个案例

工程的构建

构建spring boot工程一般采用两种方式 gradle 、maven;相对于maven的pom配置gradle 更加简单,有兴趣的同学可以去学习下gradle,这里采用maven

创建一个maven工程,对应的pom.xml文件:


        <parent>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.4.RELEASE</version>
        </parent>

        <properties>
            <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        </properties>

        <dependencies>

            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>

        <build>
            <plugins>
                <plugin>
                    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                    <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                </plugin>
            </plugins>
        </build>

版本采用1.2.4,非官网最新版,但属于稳定版本

创建 Application.java

    package com.lkl.springboot;

    import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
    import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

    @SpringBootApplication
    public class Application {
        public static void main(String[] args) {
            SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
        }
    }

运行main方法


      .   ____          _            __ _ _
     /\\ / ___'_ __ _ _(_)_ __  __ _ \ \ \ \
    ( ( )\___ | '_ | '_| | '_ \/ _` | \ \ \ \
     \\/  ___)| |_)| | | | | || (_| |  ) ) ) )
      '  |____| .__|_| |_|_| |_\__, | / / / /
     =========|_|==============|___/=/_/_/_/
     :: Spring Boot ::        (v1.2.4.RELEASE)

    2015-08-25 22:53:35.484  INFO 554 --- [           main] com.lkl.springboot.Application       : Starting Application on mac.local with PID 554 (/Users/liaokailin/code/github/blog-springboot/target/classes started by lkl in /Users/liaokailin/code/github/blog-springboot)
    2015-08-25 22:53:35.561  INFO 554 --- [           main] ationConfigEmbeddedWebApplicationContext : Refreshing org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.AnnotationConfigEmbeddedWebApplicationContext@328908cd: startup date [Tue Aug 25 22:53:35 CST 2015]; root of context hierarchy
    2015-08-25 22:53:36.395  INFO 554 --- [           main] o.s.b.f.s.DefaultListableBeanFactory     : Overriding bean definition for bean 'beanNameViewResolver': replacing [Root bean: class [null]; scope=; abstract=false; lazyInit=false; autowireMode=3; dependencyCheck=0; autowireCandidate=true; primary=false; factoryBeanName=org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.ErrorMvcAutoConfiguration$WhitelabelErrorViewConfiguration; factoryMethodName=beanNameViewResolver; initMethodName=null; destroyMethodName=(inferred); defined in class path resource [org/springframework/boot/autoconfigure/web/ErrorMvcAutoConfiguration$WhitelabelErrorViewConfiguration.class]] with [Root bean: class [null]; scope=; abstract=false; lazyInit=false; autowireMode=3; dependencyCheck=0; autowireCandidate=true; primary=false; factoryBeanName=org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.WebMvcAutoConfiguration$WebMvcAutoConfigurationAdapter; factoryMethodName=beanNameViewResolver; initMethodName=null; destroyMethodName=(inferred); defined in class path resource [org/springframework/boot/autoconfigure/web/WebMvcAutoConfiguration$WebMvcAutoConfigurationAdapter.class]]
    2015-08-25 22:53:37.404  INFO 554 --- [           main] s.b.c.e.t.TomcatEmbeddedServletContainer : Tomcat initialized with port(s): 8080 (http)
    2015-08-25 22:53:37.796  INFO 554 --- [           main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Starting service Tomcat
    2015-08-25 22:53:37.798  INFO 554 --- [           main] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine  : Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/8.0.23
    2015-08-25 22:53:37.955  INFO 554 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.a.c.c.C.[Tomcat].[localhost].[/]       : Initializing Spring embedded WebApplicationContext
    2015-08-25 22:53:37.955  INFO 554 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.web.context.ContextLoader            : Root WebApplicationContext: initialization completed in 2397 ms
    2015-08-25 22:53:38.813  INFO 554 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.b.c.e.ServletRegistrationBean        : Mapping servlet: 'dispatcherServlet' to [/]
    2015-08-25 22:53:38.818  INFO 554 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.b.c.embedded.FilterRegistrationBean  : Mapping filter: 'characterEncodingFilter' to: [/*]
    2015-08-25 22:53:38.819  INFO 554 --- [ost-startStop-1] o.s.b.c.embedded.FilterRegistrationBean  : Mapping filter: 'hiddenHttpMethodFilter' to: [/*]
    2015-08-25 22:53:39.075  INFO 554 --- [           main] s.w.s.m.m.a.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter : Looking for @ControllerAdvice: org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.AnnotationConfigEmbeddedWebApplicationContext@328908cd: startup date [Tue Aug 25 22:53:35 CST 2015]; root of context hierarchy
    2015-08-25 22:53:39.151  INFO 554 --- [           main] s.w.s.m.m.a.RequestMappingHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/error],methods=[],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[],custom=[]}" onto public org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity<java.util.Map<java.lang.String, java.lang.Object>> org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.BasicErrorController.error(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest)
    2015-08-25 22:53:39.151  INFO 554 --- [           main] s.w.s.m.m.a.RequestMappingHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/error],methods=[],params=[],headers=[],consumes=[],produces=[text/html],custom=[]}" onto public org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.BasicErrorController.errorHtml(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest)
    2015-08-25 22:53:39.180  INFO 554 --- [           main] o.s.w.s.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping  : Mapped URL path [/**] onto handler of type [class org.springframework.web.servlet.resource.ResourceHttpRequestHandler]
    2015-08-25 22:53:39.180  INFO 554 --- [           main] o.s.w.s.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping  : Mapped URL path [/webjars/**] onto handler of type [class org.springframework.web.servlet.resource.ResourceHttpRequestHandler]
    2015-08-25 22:53:39.232  INFO 554 --- [           main] o.s.w.s.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping  : Mapped URL path [/**/favicon.ico] onto handler of type [class org.springframework.web.servlet.resource.ResourceHttpRequestHandler]
    2015-08-25 22:53:39.326  INFO 554 --- [           main] o.s.j.e.a.AnnotationMBeanExporter        : Registering beans for JMX exposure on startup
    2015-08-25 22:53:39.430  INFO 554 --- [           main] s.b.c.e.t.TomcatEmbeddedServletContainer : Tomcat started on port(s): 8080 (http)
    2015-08-25 22:53:39.433  INFO 554 --- [           main] com.lkl.springboot.Application       : Started Application in 4.829 seconds (JVM running for 5.238)

spring boot已经启动,内嵌tomcat容器,监听为8080端口

就是这么简单,一个spring boot 的程序就创建了。

@SpringBootApplication 注解

SpringBootApplication注解源码如下:

    @Target(ElementType.TYPE)
    @Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
    @Documented
    @Inherited
    @Configuration
    @EnableAutoConfiguration
    @ComponentScan
    public @interface SpringBootApplication {

        /** * Exclude specific auto-configuration classes such that they will never be applied. * @return the classes to exclude */
        Class<?>[] exclude() default {};

    }

@Configuration : 表示Application作为sprig配置文件存在
@EnableAutoConfiguration: 启动spring boot内置的自动配置
@ComponentScan : 扫描bean,路径为Application类所在package以及package下的子路径,这里为 com.lkl.springboot,在spring boot中bean都放置在该路径已经子路径下。

构建REST工程

上面的操作连个HelloWorld都没有出来,远远满不足我们的需求。

创建一个package:com.lkl.springboot.controller 保存controller

构建 HelloWorldController.java

     package com.lkl.springboot.controller;

    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

    @RestController
    @RequestMapping("/springboot")
    public class HelloWorldController {

        @RequestMapping(value = "/{name}", method = RequestMethod.GET)
        public String sayWorld(@PathVariable("name") String name) {
            return "Hello " + name;
        }
    }

再次执行 Application 然后访问http://localhost:8080/springboot/Liaokailin

得到结果:
Hello Liaokailin

方法中涉及的注解就不解释了,比较简单~

第一个案例就到这里。

转载请注明
http://blog.csdn.net/liaokailin/article/details/47988617

欢迎关注,您的肯定是对我最大的支持

201911021006010\_1.png


来源:http://ddrv.cn

赞(0) 打赏
版权归原创作者所有,任何形式的转载请联系博主:daming_90:Java 技术驿站 » spring boot实战(第一篇)第一个案例

评论 抢沙发

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址

觉得文章有用就打赏一下文章作者

支付宝扫一扫打赏

微信扫一扫打赏